“I would like to file a complaint.”

The Canadian Human Rights Tribunal does not receive complaints directly.

Canadian Human Rights Commission

“My case is with the Tribunal, what happens next?”

The Complainant must explain that the treatment received was connected to one or more prohibited grounds of discrimination.

Annual Report 2022

Annual Report 2022 Cover

Guide to understanding
the CHRT

This Guide explains in details what happens once a complaint of discrimination is referred to the CHRT.

Welcome to CHRT

Created by Parliament in 1977, the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal decides whether a person or organization has engaged in a discriminatory practice as defined under the Canadian Human Rights Act. The Tribunal’s statutory mandate is defined in the in the Act, the purpose of which is to protect individuals from discrimination. It states that all Canadians have the right to equality, equal opportunity, fair treatment, and an environment free of discrimination.

Independent and impartial Tribunal Members (decision-makers) apply these principles, and consider the legislation and evidence before them to render decisions on the complaints referred to the Tribunal by the Canadian Human Rights Commission. The Tribunal is similar to a court of law, but is less formal and only hears cases relating to discrimination.

Did you know?

We have a roster of skilled human rights mediators who can assist you at any time and at short notice, and in all formats.

Pay Equity Act

The Pay Equity Act requires federally regulated employers to take proactive steps to address and prevent gender-based discrimination in the compensation paid to employees. The purpose of the Pay Equity Act is to ensure employees in jobs commonly held by women receive equal pay for doing work of equal value.

The Tribunal has two roles under the Pay Equity Act:

  • the Pay Equity Commissioner can refer an important question of law or a question of jurisdiction to the Tribunal to determine; and
  • an employer, bargaining agent or other affected person may appeal some of the Commissioner’s decisions or orders to the Tribunal.

Please visit the Canadian Human Rights Commission’s web page for more information about the Pay Equity Act.

Sign up for updates and news from the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal by clicking this email address: CHRT_Communications_TCDP@tribunal.gc.ca and putting “Subscribe” in the subject line.

Complaints and Appeals under the Accessible Canada Act

The Accessible Canada Act received Royal Assent on June 21, 2019.

News Release: Canada’s first federal accessibility legislation comes into force (July 11, 2019)

The CHRT’s new role and new complaints and appeals process under the Accessible Canada Act (ACA)